It is a bacterial infection that destroys the supporting tissues of the teeth (gingiva, periodontal ligament and bone).It is caused by a genetic predisposition (you inherit the predisposition to develop the disease), or from the germs present in the mouth.Periodontal disease is caused by the accumulation of plaque and tartar on the surfaces of the teeth; the bacteria found in these organic deposits an ideal ground to breed and cause inflammation of the soft tissues that surround the tooth. Periodontal disease manifests itself with gums that are red, inflamed, and bleed during the maneuvers of oral hygiene. In its initial stage takes the name of gingivitis, if left untreated, it evolves into periodontitis (or involves).Periodontal disease manifests itself with gums that are red, inflamed, and bleed during the maneuvers of oral hygiene. The treatment of gum disease is the mechanical removal of plaque and tartar is called scaling or professional cleaning, and is performed with instruments and ultrasonics. If the disease is in an advanced stage, or in the case of periodontitis, the treatment of teeth cleaning is more thorough and is divided into several sessions of root planing; in these cases, it can be performed light local anesthesia.Periodontics also takes care of the periodontal surgery or maneuvers surgical procedures involving the gingiva as the coatings, root-canal, carried out in the cases of severe gingival recession in aesthetic areas, and the connective tissue graft and the bone prior to insertion of osseointegrated implants. Any periodontal treatment is destined to fail if there is no cooperation of the patient, who must carefully follow the instructions of the dentist especially with regards to oral hygiene at home.